|Horseshoe Kidney |
A horseshoe kidney occurs in about 1 out of every 400 live births. Although some cases of horseshoe kidney are found in babies with other genetic conditions, most cases are isolated. In a normal body, there are two individual kidneys that are located in the back under abdominal muscles and ribs.
A horseshoe kidney occurs when the two kidneys are fused together and obtain a horseshoe appearance. They are usually misplaced and do not have the protection of the ribs.
A baby that is born with a horseshoe kidney will have an increased risk of developing kidney disease and other complications. Kidney obstruction, kidney infections, kidney stones and kidney cancers are likely.
This condition can be diagnosed prenatally through a detailed ultrasound or after birth via an x-ray or cat scan.