|LEOPARD Syndrome |
LEOPARD is a rare inherited disorder that causes abnormalities of the skin, heart, ears, genitals, head and face.
LEOPARD stands for
L=Lentigines, or dark spots on the skin
E= Electrocardigram abnormalities
O= Ocular hypertelorism, or wide spaced eyes
P= Pulmonary stenosis
A= Abnormal genitalia
R= Retardation of growth
Common symptoms of the disorder include dark brown spots on the skin that are usually on the face, neck and chest, freckles in the armpits, coffee-colored birthmarks, lightened spots on the skin, stretchy skin, webbed fingers, hearing loss, short stature, low set ears, dental complications, mental retardation of varying degrees, genital abnormalities, heart complications and an unusually shaped head.
To remove lentigines, surgery, laser treatments, chemical peels or cryotherapy can be performed. The child should continue to be evaluated by medical professionals to monitor any complications.