|Neuronal Migration Disorder |
Neuronal migration disorders are birth defects of the neurons in the brain and nervous system.
The disorder develops during early fetal development, sometimes as early as 8 weeks. Neurons in the brain are not located in the proper areas, which will lead to an abnormal or missing cerebellum, brainstem, cerebral hemisphere or hippocampus.
Common symptoms of the birth disorder include seizures, mental retardation, and decreased muscle tone, slow growth, feeding complications, edema and an unusually small head.
There is no cure for neuronal migration disorders, but treatment options include medications to control seizures and various forms of therapy to help the child reach their maximum potential.