Schizencephaly is an uncommon birth defect that affects the brain. The brain will have clefts in the cerebral hemispheres. Some patients will experience clefts on one side of the brain, while others will have clefts on both sides of the brain.
A baby that is born with bilateral clefts will experience delays in their development, speech and language. A baby that is born with unilateral clefts will experience paralysis on one side of the body.
Other common symptoms include a small head, varying degrees of mental retardation, poor muscle tone, seizures and occasionally, hydrocephalus.
There is no cure for the disorder and treatment options exist to help with individual symptoms. Physical therapy, speech therapy, anti-seizure medications and the placement of a shunt are all used to treat symptoms.
Comments 1 to 3 of about 3.
2309 days ago.
My daughter was recently diagnosed with Schizencephaly. I am more than happy to help or learn from anyone.
2397 days ago.
funny you mention that you had never heard of it until assigned a case, I actually have not either and work with hundreds of adults and children with varying disabilities.
2410 days ago.
I see there are no comments here, and thought I would be the first. I used to work with several children diagnosed with schizencephaly. They qualified for the early intervention program that I worked in, and I provided the therapy services. I know firsthand that there is not a lot of information available on this topic. I had never learned about it in school, and the first time I heard about it was when a child diagnosed with this was assigned to my caseload. I would be willing to share what I do know if anyone has any questions. Feel free to contact me.
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