Genetic testing is an in-depth process that tests for any possible genetic defects or diseases that could be passed from one or both biological parents to their children. Genetic testing is done by obtaining blood samples or other body tissues (skin, bone, etc) that can determine whether an inherited condition is present.
The most common genetic diseases to test for include Down syndrome, cystic fibrosis, Tay-Sachs and sickle-cell. Examples of genetic tests include amniocentesis and CVS.
Genetic tests may be performed if:
To obtain an accurate result, an expert in the field of genetic testing should conduct all tests and thoroughly interpret the results. As with other tests and procedures, there is a slight chance of false positive or false negative test results.
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